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6.5 Flemish High Baroque

Flemish high Baroque is mainly found in the Warsaw and Poznań collections. Except for a single Rubens-and-workshop Virgin and Child in Wilanów Palace [i]1 there are unfortunately no more works by the ‘Prince of Paintersin Poland nowadays.

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after Peter Paul Rubens   , Mary and child, after 1632

after Peter Paul Rubens  
Mary and child after 1632
oil paint / canvas, 159 x 119,5 cm
Muzeum Pałacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie, Wilanów (Warsawa), no. Wil 1599




Of the three greatest artists of the Flemish Golden Age, it is only Jacob Jordaens whose works are relatively numerous in Polish collections. The National Museum in Warsaw possesses a magnificent early Holy Family with Saint John the Baptist, His Parents and Angels of about 1617 [i] and a modello for the Triumph of Prince Frederik Hendrik of Orange [i],2 commissioned by Amalia van Solms, the widow of the Stadholder, for Huis ten Bosch in The Hague. The composition of the Warsaw sketch, one of three extant (the other two are in Brussels and Antwerp), is the closest to the final work in the Orange Hall, which was signed and dated by Jordaens in 1652. His other autograph works are in the Łazienki and Wilanów Palaces and in Gdańsk [i] [i].

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Jacob  Jordaens (I)   , The Holy Family with Saint John the Baptist, his parents and angels, c. 1616-1617

Jacob  Jordaens (I)  
The Holy Family with Saint John the Baptist, his parents and angels c. 1616-1617
oil paint / panel, 106 x 222 cm
bottom left of the middle :  J.Jordaens inventor et depingebat
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.17



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Jacob  Jordaens (I)   , The triumph of stadholder Frederik Hendrik of Orange Nassau, 1651

Jacob  Jordaens (I)  
The triumph of stadholder Frederik Hendrik of Orange Nassau 1651
oil paint / canvas, 119,5 x 117,5 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.57



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Jacob  Jordaens (I)   , Infant Bacchus seated in a landscape, c. 1640

Jacob  Jordaens (I)  
Infant Bacchus seated in a landscape c. 1640
oil paint / canvas, 121 x 106 cm
Muzeum Pałacu Króla Jana III w Wilanowie, Wilanów (Warsawa)



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Jacob  Jordaens (I)   , Study of a child, c. 1626

Jacob  Jordaens (I)  
Study of a child c. 1626
paper on panel, 38,8 x 62 cm
18.64637 Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku54.35205, Gdańsk, no. MNG/SD/331/M



There are some excellent paintings from the Antwerp circle of Rubens, such as Abraham Janssens’ Ecce Homo and Lamentation [i] [i], or Jan Boeckhorst’s Achilles among the Daughters of Lycomedes , exhibited in the National Museum in Warsaw as well [i].

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Abraham  Janssens (I)   , Ecce Homo, c. 1615-1617

Abraham  Janssens (I)  
Ecce Homo c. 1615-1617
oil paint / panel, 126 x 96 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. Dep. 2634 MNW



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Abraham  Janssens (I)   , The lamentation of Christ (John 19; Luke 23; Mark 15; Matthew 27), 1621-1622

Abraham  Janssens (I)  
The lamentation of Christ (John 19; Luke 23; Mark 15; Matthew 27) 1621-1622
oil paint / canvas, 155 x 180,5 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob. 1680 MNW



A couple of other storia paintings representing the Flemish Golden Age in Polish collections should be also mentioned here: Frans II Francken’s Fortune in the Wawel Castle [i], Pieter van Lint’s Penitent Mary Magdalen in Warsaw Castle [i] and another piece attributed to this artist, a grand composition, Saint Elisabeth of Hungary Praying for Conversion of Berthold von Leinbach in the National Museum in Warsaw [i];3 the Adoration of the Magi by Cornelis Schut in the Porczyński Foundation [i]4 and a monumental Christ at the Pond of Bethesda, now attributed to Artus Wollfort, in Poznań [i].

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Jan Boeckhorst   , Achilles discovered among the daughters of Lycomedes

Jan Boeckhorst  
Achilles discovered among the daughters of Lycomedes (1619 - 1668)
oil paint / canvas, 129,5 x 179,5 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob. 2310



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Frans  Francken (II)   , Occasio - Allegory of good fortune, dated 1627

Frans  Francken (II)  
Occasio - Allegory of good fortune dated 1627
oil paint / canvas, 149 x 182 cm
19.93658 Zamek Królewski na Wawelu50.06143, Kraków, no. 901



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Peter van Lint   , The penitent Saint Mary Magdalene, dated 1637

Peter van Lint  
The penitent Saint Mary Magdalene dated 1637
oil paint / canvas, 152 x 119 cm
center right :  PE.V.L. Aº 1634
21.01178 Zamek Królewski w Warszawie52.22977, Warszawa, no. ZKW/1996



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attributed to Joost de Paepe   , Saint Elizabeth of Hungary prays for the salvation of Berthold von Leimbach (Legenda Aurea), 1630's

attributed to Joost de Paepe  
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary prays for the salvation of Berthold von Leimbach (Legenda Aurea) 1630's
oil paint / canvas, 252 x 382 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. MOb.827 MNW



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Cornelis  Schut (I)   , The adoration of the magi, dated 1652

Cornelis  Schut (I)  
The adoration of the magi dated 1652
oil paint / canvas, 127 x 181 cm
CS 1652
21.01178 Muzeum Kolekcji im. Jana Pawla II52.22977, Warszawa



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attributed to Artus Wolffort   , Christ healing the paralytics at the pool in Bethesda (John 5:1-15)

attributed to Artus Wolffort  
Christ healing the paralytics at the pool in Bethesda (John 5:1-15) (1596 - 1641)
oil paint / canvas, 165 x 225 cm
16.92993 Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu52.40692, Poznań, no. MNP Mo 74



Portraiture is represented by works such as a splendid full-figure Warsaw image of Marie Louise Gonzaga, the future Polish queen, by Justus van Egmont [i], a charming Portrait of a Lady in the manner of Anthony van Dyck in the Princes Czartoryski Museum [i], and A Boy with a Dog and a Hat in the manner of Cornelis de Vos in the National Museum in Kraków [i]. Also worth mentioning are: a very interesting Family Group in a Garden, painted by Jan II van Kessel in Madrid in 1672 [i], and Jacob Ferdinand Voet’s Duke Orazio Archinto [i] (both in the National Museum in Warsaw) and the latter’s Philippe, Chevalier de Vendôme in the Porczyński Foundation [i].

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Justus van Egmont   , Portrait of Louise Mary Gonzaga (1611-1667), 1645 (dated)

Justus van Egmont  
Portrait of Louise Mary Gonzaga (1611-1667) 1645 (dated)
oil paint / canvas, 228 x 145 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. m. ob. 568.



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manner of/after Anthony van Dyck   , Full-lenght portrait of a young lady ('Lady Pembroke'), after 1634

manner of/after Anthony van Dyck  
Full-lenght portrait of a young lady ('Lady Pembroke') after 1634
oil paint / panel, 33 x 21 cm
lower right :  LADY PEMBROCK
19.93658 Muzeum Ksiazat Czartoryskich50.06143, Cracow



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manner of Cornelis de Vos   , Portrait of a boy wit a dog and a hat

manner of Cornelis de Vos  
Portrait of a boy wit a dog and a hat (1620)
oil paint / canvas, 109 x 75 cm
19.93658 Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie50.06143, Kraków



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Jan van  Kessel (II)   , Portrait of a family in a garden, dated 1679

Jan van  Kessel (II)  
Portrait of a family in a garden dated 1679
oil paint / canvas, 126 x 167 cm
upper center :  Van Kessel 1679 Pinxit Matriti
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.813 MNW



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Jacob-Ferdinand Voet   , Portrait of Duke Orazio Archinto (1611-1683), c. 1680-1683

Jacob-Ferdinand Voet  
Portrait of Duke Orazio Archinto (1611-1683) c. 1680-1683
oil paint / canvas, 78 x 58,5 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.925 MNW



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Jacob-Ferdinand Voet   , Portrait of Philippe de Bourbon, Duc de Vendôme, Grand Prior of the Knights of Malta in France (1655-1727), 1666-1678

Jacob-Ferdinand Voet  
Portrait of Philippe de Bourbon, Duc de Vendôme, Grand Prior of the Knights of Malta in France (1655-1727) 1666-1678
oil paint / canvas, 71,5 x 60,5 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Kolekcji im. Jana Pawla II52.22977, Warszawa, no. 86 (cat. 1991)



The lesser, decorative genres of Flemish baroque painting are represented by works by artists such as Frans Snijders (an early Kitchen from ca. 1608 in Warsaw [i] and a magnificent Boar Hunt in Poznań [i]), Paul de Vos, David de Coninck and Daniel Seghers. Of the latter, two flower compositions are worth mentioning: one with an illusionist relief portrait of Nicolas Poussin in Warsaw [i], and another containing a similar image of the Holy Family in Poznań [i]. Impressive panoramic vista with The Temptation of Christ, signed and dated 1663 by Philips Augustin Immenraet, in the Porczyński Foundation [i], is one of the most attractive examples of the mature Flemish landscape in Polish collections.5 Numerous Flemish Golden Age paintings from public collections in Warsaw, Gdańsk, Kraków and Wrocław were presented at a big exhibition in the National Museums in Warsaw and Gdańsk in 2007-2008.6

 

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Frans Snijders   , Dogs attacking a wild boar, c. 1620

Frans Snijders  
Dogs attacking a wild boar c. 1620
oil paint / canvas, 193 x 342 cm
16.92993 Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu52.40692, Poznań, no. MNP FR 438 (oud MNP Mo 91)



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Daniël Seghers   andAnonymous   , Sculpted cartouche adorned with flowers surrounding a relief with a portrait of Nicolas Poussin, c. 1650-1661

Daniël Seghers   andAnonymous  
Sculpted cartouche adorned with flowers surrounding a relief with a portrait of Nicolas Poussin c. 1650-1661
oil paint / canvas, 98 x 79,8 cm
lower right :  Daniel Seghers Soc.tis JESV (tis in superscript)
center :  Tria Ego
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M. Ob. 566 MNW



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Daniël Seghers   , Holy Family in a wreath of flowers, c. 1640

Daniël Seghers  
Holy Family in a wreath of flowers c. 1640
oil paint / canvas, 82,3 x 64,6 cm
16.92993 Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu52.40692, Poznań, no. MNP Mo 89



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Philips Augustijn Immenraet   , The temptation of Christ, dated 1663

Philips Augustijn Immenraet  
The temptation of Christ dated 1663
oil paint / copper, 83,5 x 118 cm
bottom (positional attribute) :  IMMENRAET / 1663
21.01178 Muzeum Kolekcji im. Jana Pawla II52.22977, Warszawa





[1]

Mieleszko 2005, cat. no. 49.

[2]

D’Hulst 1993, no. A9, p. 252, 254, fig. A 82 C, note 7.

[3]

Jan Kosten, RKD, attributed this painting to Joos de Paepe (see RKDimages 194659).

[4]

 Kwiatkowski 1991, p. 72; Michałkowa 1992, cat. no. 112.

[5]

Kwiatkowski 1991, no. 76.

[6]

Sixty-two Flemish paintings, both mentioned and not mentioned in the present survey are illustrated in Ziemba 2007. This publication, accompanying an exhibition, is not a traditional catalogue, functioning rather as a reference book for the history of the Flemish Golden Age painting.

Datum laatste wijziging: Aug 27, 2014 11:13 AM