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6.6 Rembrandt and his Circle

Rembrandt’s circle, in spite of regrettable losses, is quite well represented in Polish collections. There were some Rembrandt imports, especially of prints, as early as the 17th century, but interest in the art of the great Dutch painter really began with the collecting activity of the country’s last king.

Two important Rembrandts from Stanislaus Augustus’ ill-fated collection did return to Poland in 1994, as part of a generous donation by Professor Karolina Lanckorońska to the Royal Castle in Warsaw1 and to the Wawel Royal Castle in Kraków. These are: the Old Man at a Lectern (1641) and A Girl in a Hat, considered earlier as lost and now both recognised by Rembrandt scholars as the master’s autograph works [i] [i].2 The Princes Czartoryski Museum possesses a magnificent work by Rembrandt, Landscape with the Good Samaritan, from 1638 [i].3 This work is all the more precious because it is one of only six landscapes that have been definitely attributed to Rembrandt.

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Rembrandt   , Scholar at his desk, dated 1641

Rembrandt  
Scholar at his desk dated 1641
oil paint / panel (poplar), 105,7 x 76,4 cm
21.01178 Zamek Królewski w Warszawie52.22977, Warszawa, no. ZKW/3905



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Rembrandt   or circle ofRembrandt   , Girl in a picture frame, dated 1641

Rembrandt   or circle ofRembrandt  
Girl in a picture frame dated 1641
oil paint / panel (poplar), 105,5 x 76,3 cm
21.01178 Zamek Królewski w Warszawie52.22977, Warszawa, no. ZKW/3906



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Rembrandt   , Landscape with the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37), dated 1638

Rembrandt  
Landscape with the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37) dated 1638
oil paint / panel (oak), 46,5 x 66 cm
lower right :  Rembrandt f. 1638
19.93658 Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie50.06143, Kraków



Works by Rembrandt’s pupils are numerous in Polish collections. There is an Angel Appearing to Hagar in the Desert by Ferdinand Bol in Gdańsk [i], and a A Bearded Old Man with a Skullcap by Jan Lievens  in Warsaw  [i]; portraits by Jacob Adriaensz. Backer and Govaert Flinck [i] in Kraków and Warsaw.4 Worth mentioning are also Gerbrand van den Eeckhout’s paintings in the National Museum in Warsaw [i] [i] and Jan Victors biblical compositions in this museum and in the Łazienki Palace [i] [i], as well as Constantijn de Renesse’s Satyr Visiting Peasants [i].

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Ferdinand Bol   , An angel meets Hagar at the fountain on the way to Shur and persuades her to return (Genesis 16:7-14)

Ferdinand Bol  
An angel meets Hagar at the fountain on the way to Shur and persuades her to return (Genesis 16:7-14) (1635 - 1680)
oil paint / canvas, ? x ? cm
18.64637 Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku54.35205, Gdańsk



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Jan Lievens   , A bearded old man with a skullcap, c. 1629-1630

Jan Lievens  
A bearded old man with a skullcap c. 1629-1630
oil paint / panel, 71 x 54 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.562 MNW



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Govert Flinck   , Portrait of a man with a walking stick and a tall hat in a landscape, first half of the 1640s

Govert Flinck  
Portrait of a man with a walking stick and a tall hat in a landscape first half of the 1640s
oil paint / panel (oak), 92 x 69 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.2584 MNW



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Gerbrand van den Eeckhout   , Gehazi fetches the Shunammite woman; when she sees her child alive she falls at Elisha's feet (2 Kings 4:37), dated 1649

Gerbrand van den Eeckhout  
Gehazi fetches the Shunammite woman; when she sees her child alive she falls at Elisha's feet (2 Kings 4:37) dated 1649
oil paint / canvas, 103 x 125 cm
lower left :  G.v.eeckhout / A 1649
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.551 MNW



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Gerbrand van den Eeckhout   , Jacob’s dream (Gn 28, 11–12), dated 1642

Gerbrand van den Eeckhout  
Jacob’s dream (Gn 28, 11–12) dated 1642
oil paint / panel, 75,2 x 116,5 cm
lower right :  G.v.eeckhout / 1642
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. M.Ob.28 MNW



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Jan Victors   , Joseph's blood-stained coat is brought and shown to Jacob (Genesis 37:32-33), dated 1649

Jan Victors  
Joseph's blood-stained coat is brought and shown to Jacob (Genesis 37:32-33) dated 1649
oil paint / canvas, 97 x 112,7 cm
lower right :  Jan. Victors: / 1649
21.01178 Muzeum Łazienki Królewskie w Warszawie52.22977, Warszawa, no. LK 927



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Jan Victors   , Esau selling his birthright to Jacob for a pottage of lentils (Genesis 25:29-34), dated 1653

Jan Victors  
Esau selling his birthright to Jacob for a pottage of lentils (Genesis 25:29-34) dated 1653
oil paint / canvas, 109 x 137 cm
21.01178 Muzeum Łazienki Królewskie w Warszawie52.22977, Warszawa, no. LK928



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Constantijn à Renesse   , Satyr visiting peasants (Aesop, Fables, J. de La Fontaine, V, 7), dated 1653

Constantijn à Renesse  
Satyr visiting peasants (Aesop, Fables, J. de La Fontaine, V, 7) dated 1653
oil paint / canvas, 168 x 103 cm
upper left :  C ...Ren... 1653
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw, no. 184843 MNW



There is a delightful, very Rembrandtesque Girl with a Fan by Gijsbert Sibilla in the Castle Museum in Sanok in south eastern Poland [i].5 By far the most valuable work in this group is an early composition by Carel Fabritius, The Raising of Lazarus [i], which was strongly influenced by Rembrandt’s famous painting in the Los Angeles County Museum and his early etching on this subject. In the scarce oeuvre of the most talented of Rembrandts’s disciples, this painting has an outstanding place.6

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Gijsbert Jansz. Sibilla   , Portrait of a young woman with a fan, dated 1650

Gijsbert Jansz. Sibilla  
Portrait of a young woman with a fan dated 1650
oil paint / panel, 75 x 60,5 cm
Muzeum Historyczne w Sanoku, Sanok (Polen), no. L 59



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Carel Fabritius   , The raising of Lazarus, c. 1643

Carel Fabritius  
The raising of Lazarus c. 1643
oil paint / canvas, 210,5 x 140 cm
lower center :  Car. Fabr.
21.01178 Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie52.22977, Warsaw





[1]

Juszczak/Małachowicz 1998.

[2]

Ziemba 1998; Ziemba 1999; Juszczak/Małachowicz 2013, cat. nos 262 and 263.

[3]

Rostworowski 1980; Dec/Wałek 2010, pp. 598–599.

[4]

Signed bust portraits by Jacob Adriaensz. Backer and Govaert Flinck: Winiewicz-Wolska 2001, cat. nos. 1 and 30; a restrained fullfigure Portrait of a Man with a Walking Stick and a Tall Hat in a Landscape by Govaert Flinck: Ziemba 2012.

[5]

Benesz 2012.

[6]

Ziemba 1990; Duparc/Seelig/Van Suchtelen 2004, no. 1.

Datum laatste wijziging: Aug 05, 2014 10:59 AM